Multiple-choice Quizzes Improve Memory for Misinformation Debunks, but do not Reduce Belief in Misinformation

Abstract

#misinformation #factchecking #debunk

Fact-checkers want people to both read and remember their misinformation debunks. Retrieval practice is one way to increase memory, thus multiple-choice quizzes may be a useful tool for fact-checkers. We tested whether exposure to quizzes improved people’s accuracy ratings for fact-checked claims and their memory for specific information within a fact check. Across three experiments, 1551 US-based online participants viewed fact checks (either health- or politics-related) with or without a quiz. Overall, the fact checks were effective, and participants were more accurate in rating the claims after exposure. In addition, quizzes improved participants’ memory for the details of the fact checks, even 1 week later. However, that increased memory did not lead to more accurate beliefs. Participants’ accuracy ratings were similar in the quiz and no-quiz conditions. Multiple-choice quizzes can be a useful tool for increasing memory, but there is a disconnect between memory and belief.

Tipo de Publicação
articles-and-papers
Tema
disinformation
Publicado por
Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
Data de Publicação
2023
Idioma
english
Estado
open-access
DOI
10.1186/s41235-023-00488-9
Autores
Jessica R. Collier; Raunak M. Pillai; Lisa K. Fazio